How to read a painting

Marion Boddy-Evans is a professional quilter, artist, and writer with 15 years' experience specializing in quilting and painting. She is a commissioned artist at the Isle of Skye Art Studio located in Scotland, where she also teaches workshops.

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For a small outlay on a few colors and a suitable brush, fabric painting opens up endless opportunities for transforming your wardrobe and your home. Whether you’re learning how to paint shoes, testing a DIY shirt project, or coloring a tote, it enables you to create one-of-a-kind pieces of wearable art.

Will Anything Less Than 100% Cotton Do?

Purists say the best fabric for painting on is 100% cotton with a tight weave (an off-white or cream fabric will dull the paint slightly). But good results can be obtained with rayons and silks too. The best is to try a sample square to check the results.

Tight is Bright

If a fabric is loosely woven, paint tends to seep through the threads before it's dry. This tends to reduce the intensity of the colors. A finely woven fabric is also easier to paint detail on than a loosely woven one.

To Prewash or Not to Prewash?

The reason for prewashing fabric before painting on it is to remove any sizing added during manufacture which may prevent the paint from adhering to the surface. It also gives it a chance to shrink, if it's going to. To test whether a piece of fabric really needs prewashing, drop a little bit of water on it. If it beads up on the surface, it needs washing. If it sinks in, so should paint.

Skip the Softener

If you do wash a fabric, don't add fabric softener! You're trying to get rid of chemicals, not add new ones.

Get Rid of Wrinkles

Take the time to iron the fabric well. Wrinkles can create havoc on a design.

The Heat is On

The easiest way to set fabric paints is to iron it for a few minutes (check the manufacturer’s instructions). If you iron on the wrong side of the fabric, the paint will still set fine and you don’t have to worry about it rubbing off onto the iron or the colors bleeding into each other. Alternatively, use a press cloth. Allow the paint to dry thoroughly before ironing, at least 24 hours. If you have a large project, you may want to try your tumble dryer to tumble a sample piece on high for half an hour, then wash it to see if your dryer was warm enough. If you’re really brave, you can try setting it in your oven. Otherwise, ironing is the way to go.

Go With the Flow

Wetting the fabric with clean water before painting it encourages colors to flow into each other, like in a watercolor. But don't add too much water, as it'll dilute the colors; the fabric should be damp, not soaking.

Tread Softly

Stamping and stenciling on fabric work best if you’re working on a lightly padded surface, an old towel works well. Or if you don’t want to sacrifice a towel, cover a sheet of thick card with waxed paper (so it can be wiped clean).

Bleached-Out Colors

Bleach can be used to remove (discharge) the dye in a fabric, with unexpected and unpredictable results (do a test square!). Use a cheap brush to apply bleach, as it'll quickly ruin it, and wear gloves so you don't get bleach on your skin. Obviously, it works best with dark colors. To stop the action of the bleach, wash the fabric. (If you've read about stopping the action of bleach by rinsing the fabric in a bucket of water into which you've mixed a cup or two of white vinegar, then do some further research on how mixing vinegar and bleach releases chlorine, which is poisonous.)

One-Sided Designs

Remember when painting a t-shirt to insert something like a few sheets of newspaper, a bit of card or plastic inside the shirt so the paint doesn't seep through onto the back of the shirt.

How to read a painting

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The term canvas serves as a generic term for any fabric that’s used as a support for painting. The fabric can be a cotton duck (the most common), linen (a more expensive choice regarded as superior), or synthetic fiber (uncommon). Find out more about what your choices are when it comes to canvas for painting.

Cotton Duck Canvas

Cotton duck canvas has nothing do to with ducks, but it is the most common and the cheapest painting canvas. It comes in various weights (thicknesses) and weaves (how tight the individual threads are woven). The cheapest cotton canvases are loosely woven, and the fabric can easily distort when stretched if you're not careful. If you're stretching your cotton canvas, you may even find it cheaper in a fabric store than an art supplies store.

You can fill in the indentations in the weave with primer or gesso to create a smoother painting surface (especially if you apply multiple layers, sanding down each time). Or you can use the weave of the canvas as part of the texture of your painting.

Watercolor Canvas

How to read a painting

Watercolor canvas is specially made for watercolor paint. It is not “normal canvas” with a different label on it. And it is indeed different to painting with watercolor on paper. For starters, the paint stays wet longer, and you can abuse the surface more with a coarse brush.

Synthetic Fibers for Canvas

Many artists are prejudiced against synthetic fibers, because they’re not traditional or because they believe they haven’t stood the test of time. Essentially you could use any fabric for a canvas, provided its fibers were strong to support the weight of the primer and paint without distortion or tearing. If longevity is important to you, then know that rigid support such as a wood panel is the best choice as it means the painting won’t flex.

Stretched Canvas or Not?

Don't feel you're lazy if you never stretch your canvas. Famous painters generally have an assistant to do it for them or buy it from a canvas supplier. It does, however, have the advantage of getting canvases exactly the shape and size you desire (and isn't tricky if you've someone to help). Sticking to standard, stretched sizes, on the other hand, make it feasible to buy ready-made frames.

Canvas Panels

How to read a painting

A canvas panel consists of primed fabric stuck onto a board. At its best, the canvas wraps around the edges of the archival or acid-free board and is stuck down with archival glue, providing rigid, textured support for painting. At its worse, the canvas is stuck to a cheap card with cheap glue and cut to a size that warps as it gets damp when you paint. Best to try one first to ensure you're getting something that works well.

Canvas Formats & Sizes

How to read a painting

Canvas is available in an array of sizes and formats. The standard formats are called landscape or portrait (though of course, you can paint any subject on them!). Canvas can be stapled (or nailed) to the stretcher either on the side or the back (a gallery wrap canvas), or wedged in place without staples (called a spline finish). You even get canvas sewn into books, for art journaling or bookmaking.

Depth of the Edge

How to read a painting

Another consideration when buying a canvas is the depth of the edge, which can be normal (traditional profile) or deep edge (deep profile). There's no standard measurement for these, though as a rule of thumb the cheaper the canvas, the narrower the edge generally is.

Deep edges mean the painting stands out further from the wall, so can be very effective if you want to continue the painting around the edges or never frame a canvas. It also means the stretchers are thicker, which means you can have a larger format canvas without needing a cross-brace to prevent warping.

Roll of Canvas

How to read a painting

If you want to work on unstretched canvas (which takes up less storage space and is easier to ship) or at dimensions that you can’t find as a readymade canvas, then a roll of canvas is ideal.

How to read a painting

Stock Photos from PicMy/Shutterstock
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Over the course of history, the way artists have painted—and the mediums they use—has evolved. New technology and changing tastes mean that the paints used by artists have continued to diversify. But how do you know which is the right type of paint for you? Many of us are familiar with watercolor, oil, and acrylic paint, but there’s so much more out there for artists to explore.

While some types of painting, like fresco and tempera, aren’t practiced quite as frequently, others are seeing a resurgence. For instance, a renewed interest in hand lettering and sign painting has made enamel paint trendier than ever.

As an artist, how can you decide on the right type of paint for your artwork? Having a good grasp on the characteristics of each paint and the aesthetic they provide will help you narrow down your choices. Some painting techniques are easy for artists of all levels to pick up, while others may require more advanced technical skill.

Learn more about different kinds of paint to see what works best for you. Who knows? You just might be inspired to try a new type of painting.

Discover more about 11 types of painting that help artists express their creativity.

Oil

How to read a painting

“Night in Venice” by Leonid Afremov. Oil on canvas. (Photo: Leonid Afremov)

For centuries, artists have been using oil paint to create their masterpieces. This slow drying medium is made from color pigments suspended in oil. Due to its long drying time, artists can take their time producing work. Oil paint is often used to create wonderful textured effects thanks to its thick consistency. Though it can be messy to work with and requires care when working with mediums that contain toxic elements, it’s still beloved by artists for the rich colors it produces. So, it should come as no surprise that it’s one of the most popular types of painting.

Learn how to pick the right type of oil paint in our handy guide.

Acrylic

How to read a painting

“Diamela” by Alice Pasquini. 2018. Acrylic on canvas. (Photo: Alice Pasquini)

There are a wide array of acrylic paints in terms of texture and drying time. This water-soluble paint dries quickly, is non-toxic, and cost-effective, often making it a go-to choice for painters of all skill levels. Over time it holds up better than oil paint, as it’s not prone to cracking or yellowing. There are innumerable acrylic paint techniques and by combining the paint with different mediums, artists have flexibility in the final look. Though acrylic is water resistant when completely dry on the canvas, its water-soluble nature when damp makes for easy cleanup.

Learn more about the difference between acrylic paint and oil paint, as well as the best acrylic paint for artists of all levels.

Watercolor

How to read a painting

“White Ships” by John Singer Sargent. Circa 1908. Watercolor. (Photo: Public domain via Wikicommons)

Typically painted on paper, watercolors are made from pigments suspended in a water-based solution. Known for the transparent layers they create, watercolor paint remains soluble even when dry. This means that artists can make some corrections even when the painting is dry, but this also means that finished work must be protected carefully. There are many watercolor techniques that artists use to create different styles of art, from realistic portraits to washed out landscapes. Although paper is the most common support, watercolors can also be used on surfaces like fabric, wood, leather, and vellum.

Looking for watercolors? Check our guide to the best watercolor sets.

Gouache

How to read a painting

“Young Woman in a Rocking Chair, study for the painting ‘The Last Evening’ by Jacques Joseph Tissot. about 1873. Brush with gouache and watercolor, over graphite. (Photo: Getty Museum)

While gouache is similar to watercolor in that it can be re-wetted, this type of paint dries matte and is a heavier paint due to the chalk that’s incorporated into it. Gouache also has characteristics similar to acrylic in that it’s an opaque paint. It’s often used together with watercolor, and since it’s water soluble, it requires a varnish over the top to seal the finished painting. A newer variation is acrylic gouache, which uses an acrylic-based binder that allows the paint to become water resistant when dry.

Blick sells a wide variety of professional and student grade gouache.

Pastel

How to read a painting

“Sleepy Baby” by Mary Cassatt. 1910. Pastel. (Photo: Public domain via Wikicommons)

Sometimes known as “dry painting,” the use of pastels has been popular since the 16th century. Their stick form and lack of drying time make them an easy and portable solution for artists. The most popular pastels—known as soft pastels—have chalk incorporated into them, but oil pastels with a waxy consistency are also available. Colors are typically blended straight onto the support and if you’re looking for a watercolor type effect, there are also water-soluble pastels. These paintings are fragile, as the pigment can lift from the surface, so should be framed under glass.

Learn more about how to paint with pastels.

Encaustic

How to read a painting

Portrait of a woman from Al-Faiyum, Egypt. circa 100-150 C.E. Encaustic. (Photo: Public domain via WikiCommons)

This complex technique dates back to ancient Egypt and involves adding pigment to hot beeswax. The resulting paste is then typically applied to prepared wood, though canvas can also be used. Special tools are then used to shape and sculpt the liquid prior to cooling. Contemporary artists often use heat guns to extend the workability of the paint. Though encaustic—or hot wax painting—can be difficult to master, it is possible to create complex paintings full of dimension and color.

How to read a painting

Painting concrete surfaces requires more skill, tools, and time than throwing a coat on drywall. Here’s how to do it right.

Concrete painting is trickier than painting most surfaces: It breathes, transports moisture, and sucks up paint.

While you can paint drywall in a day or two, you’ll need a week or more to finish painting concrete . Continue reading below for tips — plus costs — on how to paint concrete surfaces:

1. Clean the Concrete

Cleaning concrete is a vital first step because the porous surface tends to trap dirt, grease, and oil.

1. Remove dirt and grease with trisodium phosphate ($6.30 per quart concentrate), or choose a more Earth-friendly cleaner like Krud Kutter’s pre-paint cleaner ($10 for 32 ounces).

2. Yank off vines and moss growing on the foundation. Use a pressure washer to finish off remaining roots and dirt.

3. Remove efflorescence, a white powder that forms on moist concrete. Try Krud Kutter Concrete Clean & Etch ($8.50 for 32 ounces); if you need more cleaning muscle, try phosphoric acid masonry cleaner ($27 per gallon).

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2. Strip Old Paint

Strip peeling or blistering paint indoors with a wire brush ($3 to $5), a paint scraper ($10 to $20), and lots of elbow grease.

Outdoors, get rid of old paint with a power washer (rents for $40 to $75 per day).

3. Seal Interior Concrete

Water moves easily through porous concrete, so sealing interior walls is necessary to prevent moisture from seeping in, promoting mold growth and that cold, damp basement feel. Use a masonry sealer, such as ThoroSeal, that also patches cracks ($35 for a 50-pound bag).

Carefully follow directions for mixing, applying, and curing the sealer. ThoroSeal, for example, requires two coats; the manufacturer recommends curing for five to seven days before applying the second coat.

4. Prime the Concrete

Concrete primer, called block primer, fills pores and evens out the surface. For exterior foundations and walls, use exterior-grade block filler, such as Behr’s Concrete and Masonry Bonding Primer, which also is good for interior concrete ($17.98 per gallon). Primer dries in two hours; wait at least eight hours, but no more than 30 days, to paint.

5. Paint the Concrete

Masonry paint (also called elastomeric paint or elastomeric wall coating) is a good choice for concrete painting because it contains binders that contract and expand with the concrete. Exterior house paint can crack and peel on concrete.

Masonry paint ($20 per gallon) can be tinted and is much thicker than exterior paint. Apply it with a masonry brush ($5 to $8), a high-capacity (3/4-inch or higher) roller, or a texture roller ($5.50).

Some masonry paint is thicker than exterior paint and contains fine particles that can clog air sprayers. If you want to spray-paint cement, ask your local paint store for a product that will work well in a sprayer ($300).

No matter how you apply paint, let it dry for a day between coats. You’ll probably need two to three coats, so check the long-range weather forecast before you begin.

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Topic

How to read a painting

Pat Curry

Pat Curry is a former senior editor at “Builder,” the official magazine of the National Association of Home Builders, and a frequent contributor to real estate and home-building publications.

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The face of Christ, with proposed reconstruction, found in the Baptistery chamber beside an ancient Israeli church.

In an extremely rare early painting found in an ancient Israeli church, Jesus looks completely different from the long-haired, bearded Western image of him.

Archaeologists from the University of Haifa in Israel discovered the previously unknown 1,500-year-old painting of Jesus in the ruins of a Byzantine-era farming village in the Negev desert of southern Israel.

“I was there at the right time, at the right place with the right angle of light and, suddenly, I saw eyes," art historian Emma Maayan-Fanar, who first noticed the image on the wall of a church, recounted to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz. "It was the face of Jesus at his baptism, looking at us."

As the gospels never describe Jesus’ appearance, and no known contemporary description of him exists, every image of him we see is based on later artistic versions. In the early centuries of Christianity’s evolution, Maayan-Fanar told Haaretz, Christ was depicted various ways, both with short and long hair, bearded and clean-shaven. But by the sixth century, Western images consistently showed Jesus with long, flowing hair and (often) a beard.

How to read a painting

The Baptistery chamber beside the Northern Church in Shivta.

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Though exposure to the sun over centuries has reduced the image found in the ancient village of Shivta to little more than faint outlines and smudges of color, Maayan-Fanar and her colleagues argue that it depicts a young man with “short curly hair, a prolonged face, large eyes and an elongated nose.”

Writing of their discovery in the journal Antiquity, the researchers conclude that the image was painted in the sixth century A.D., and “belongs to the iconographic scheme of a short-haired Christ, which was especially widespread in Egypt and Syro-Palestine, but gone from later Byzantine art.”

The painting was once located above a Baptist font in the shape of a crucifix, leading the researchers to conclude it may have depicted the baptism of Christ, a common theme in early Christian and Byzantine art.

Students will gain an understanding of how much of a role emotion plays in artmaking as they create paintings based on feelings.

By Andrea Mulder-Slater

Vocabulary:

image, feeling, emotion, idea, expression, color, texture, line, imagine, create, change, evolve, happy, sad, angry, excited, alone, bright, dull, acrylic, tempera, experience, share, design

What You Need:

  • a large sheet of heavy paper (or canvas)
  • acrylic paint (for older students)
  • tempera paint – or crayons (for younger students)
  • paintbrushes
  • water
  • containers
  • mixing trays (could be styrofoam trays or sheets of old cardboard)
  • paper towels
  • newspapers
  • old shirts or painting smocks
  • music (various styles)
  • scrap newsprint
  • pencils

What You Do:

  1. Talk about emotion. What does the word emotion mean? What kinds of emotions do we experience on a day-to-day basis.
  2. Talk about color. How do certain colors make us feel? Why?
  3. Talk about line. What kinds of lines are there? Straight, jagged, squiggly, zig-zag, etc.
  4. Warm up by having students draw lines (using pencil on newsprint) based upon certain feelings. IE: draw happy lines, draw angry lines, etc.
  5. You can also encourage your students to draw lines based on the music they are hearing (IE: jazz, classical, pop etc.)
  6. Once everyone is “warmed up” begin working with the paint. Make sure each student has a paintbrush, water and access to at least the three primary colors (red, yellow and blue).
  7. Give a quick demonstration of how paints are used properly (always clean brushes before dipping into a new fresh color … treat the brushes well by not squishing them down on the paper etc. Also, review color mixing (yellow + blue = green; red + yellow = orange; red + blue = violet)
  8. Everyone can then decide on an emotion or feeling which they will express using various paint colors, lines, textures and shapes.
  9. Allow your students to take as long as they need to create the final work, encouraging them to stand back from time to time to have a really good look at what they are doing. Is it moving in the direction they want it to? Are the desired feelings starting to emerge?
  10. Remember too that this is a very intuitive and subjective exercise and as such the works should not be analyzed by the instructor, but rather by the students themselves.
  11. When the paintings are complete, hang them up and see how others interpret the work. Does everyone see similar emotions in the same works? Yes? No? Why?

How to read a painting

How to read a painting

Curriculum Connections:

History: Look at the works of various artists throughout time. While looking at the works, see if you can pick out any strong emotional feelings.
Language Arts: Write an emotion story or poem to go along with your painting.
Music: Look at rhythm and movement in music and compare the idea of “emotional music” with “emotional painting”.

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How to read a painting

What does the word emotion mean? What kinds of emotions do we experience on a day-to-day basis? How do we show emotion on our faces?

This lesson looks at emotions in a big, bold way. Taking inspiration from the Expressionists, students will create wild and exaggerated portraits showing extreme feelings.

How to read a painting

No DIY advice is ignored as often as the recommendation to thoroughly wash the walls before priming and painting. Even careful DIYers are tempted to bypass this step when the walls appear to be clean and in good shape, and many do-it-yourselfers don’t bother to clean in any way, instead opting to simply slather paint over the walls. And the immediate consequences of skipping the cleaning step aren’t always evident. In some cases, the paint job may hold up fine for many years, leading you to wonder why nearly all paint manufacturers firmly insist that washing the walls is a critical part of painting prep.

Further adding to the confusion is the fact that paint manufacturers themselves don't agree on just what kind of cleaning is essential.

Recommendations of Major Manufacturers

The major paint manufacturers have different recommendations on the necessity of cleaning interior wall before painting, ranging from a cursory wiping to firm scrubbing with mild chemicals. Consider the advice of the major paint companies:

  • PPG: “Wipe walls clean of dust and dirt.”
  • Behr: “If you need to remove any oil, grease, or wax stains, apply a mild detergent with a sponge onto a lightly water-dampened surface, rinse with clean water and allow it to dry.”
  • Benjamin Moore: “Most walls can be washed using a sponge and warm water. For surfaces that have exposure to oil or grime, like kitchen walls, wash with a solution of water and grease-cutting detergent and follow up with clean water to remove any residual cleaning agent. Finish by wiping the walls with a damp cloth.”
  • Sherwin Williams: “Washing your walls and trim will remove grime, cobwebs, dust, and stains that can prevent your paint from adhering. Use a mixture of lukewarm water and mild soap, gently rubbing in a circular motion. Rinse your walls using a slightly damp cellulose sponge.
  • Valspar: “Use an ordinary sponge mop to clean your ceiling and walls thoroughly with TSP and water. Rinse well and let dry. Moving from top to bottom, clean walls and moldings with sponges or rags.”

The reality, though, is that many people skip this step, or clean in a more cursory way. Not even pro painters are diligent about cleaning walls before they paint.

Professional Painters Usually Don't Wash Walls

Professional painters hate washing walls. There are many good reasons for this. For one reason, they’re not in the business of washing—they’re in the business of painting. Washing cuts into painting time, which cuts into their income, so don’t expect your hired painter to wash down your walls unless you agree to pay them more for the service. Better yet, hire a cleaner to do this work, or do the cleaning yourself before the painter arrives.

Instead, your hired painter is likely to pole-sand the flat surfaces with a fine-grit sandpaper. Light sanding sloughs off sticky dirt and junk, deglosses surfaces, and knocks down some of the stipple.

When You Might Be Able to Skip Washing

If you are painting the walls yourself and want to omit the step of washing walls as part of the preparation, the surfaces should meet at least most of the following conditions:

  • No excessive dust present
  • No crayon or grease stains present on the walls
  • No wood-burning fireplace in the house
  • Walls have little or no contact with hands
  • No pets in the house
  • No cooking or bathing takes place in the room (meaning kitchens and bathrooms should always be washed before painting).
  • Vertical surfaces only (trim work and ledges should always be washed)

The spaces that might qualify as rooms that don't require active washing with detergent or TSP include:

    that does not get a lot of activity and was painted recently used by adults, not children dedicated to dining only, rather than cooking
  • A home office
  • A family room that is well-treated with no wood-burning fireplace used only for toilet activities and hand-washing

Even these rooms, no matter how pristine, will require a wipe-down to eliminate loose dust.

When to Wash With Soap and Water

As noted above, most paint manufacturers recommend that you clean walls with at least mild detergent and water before painting. Although modern paints are so good that they bond well to almost any surface, it will adhere best to surfaces that are perfectly clean and smooth.

Drawing and Painting are two types of fine arts with many differences between them. Drawing is the basis of painting, and the converse is not true. You should be a good at drawing if you want to excel as a painter. This is the main difference between the two. This article attempts to emphasize the differences between drawing and painting while elaborating on each word.

What is Drawing?

It is important to know that drawing is characterized by lines and shades. Drawing is of different types such as line drawing, shade drawing and object drawing. A person who draws is called an artist. Drawing needs no turpentine oil, unlike painting. Pencil, crayons, and charcoal can be used in the art of drawing. You need not use a palette while drawing an object or a human figure.

Drawing needs no time to dry. Pencil drawings can be rubbed and redone quite easily because graphite can be easily erased. You need not use brushes in the case of drawing. As a matter of fact, scale and other measuring equipment are used in the case of drawing.

How to read a painting

What is Painting?

Painting is characterized by colors and designs. Painting is of different types such as painting on canvas, oil painting on canvas, watercolor painting, acrylic painting and the like. You make use of turpentine oil in the case of painting. You need to have a palette while painting on canvas using oil colors. Oil colors, acrylic and types of pigments are used in the art of painting.

Painting needs sufficient time to dry. Oil painting and acrylic cannot be very easily erased or altered. You need to have different kinds of brushes with different bristles in the case of painting.

A person who paints is called either an artist or a painter. It is also interesting to note that there is a market value for both drawing and painting works. Works of painting have a greater market value than the works of pencil and charcoal drawing. This is one of the reasons why painting is considered a very expensive hobby. The painting equipment is expensive to buy when compared to drawing equipment. It is interesting to note that any art exhibition would hold both the types of artworks, namely drawings and paintings. This explains that there is a clear difference between drawing and painting. Now let us summarize the difference as follows.

How to read a painting

What is the Difference Between Drawing and Painting?

Definitions of Drawing and Painting:

Drawing: Drawing refers to producing a picture by making lines on paper.

Painting: Painting refers to applying a liquid to a surface with a brush.

Characteristics of Drawing and Painting:

Nature:

Drawing: Drawing is characterized by lines and shades.

Painting: Painting is characterized by colors and designs.

Types:

Drawing: Drawing is of different types such as line drawing, shade drawing and object drawing.

Painting: Painting is of different types such as painting on canvas, oil painting on canvas, watercolor painting, acrylic painting, etc.

Use of turpentine oil:

Drawing: Drawing needs no turpentine oil.

Painting: You make use of turpentine oil in the case of painting.

Usage of a palette:

Drawing: You need not use a palette while drawing an object or a human figure.

Painting: You need to have a palette while painting on canvas using oil colors.

Use of equipment:

Drawing: We can use crayons, pencils and charcoal for drawing.

Painting: Oil colors, acrylic and types of pigments are used in the art of painting.

Alteration:

Drawing: Pencil drawings can be rubbed and redone quite easily because graphite can be easily erased.

Painting: Oil painting and acrylic cannot be very easily erased or altered.

Individual:

Drawing: A person who draws is called an artist.

Painting: A person who paints is called either an artist or a painter.

1. Drawing of a rabbit By Matt Sissel (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

2. Birds Painting By Jean-Jacques Bachelier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Everything you need for a problem-free paint job: Get ready to roll.

Measure walls first so you’ll know how much paint to buy. Typically, one gallon of paint covers 400 square feet.

Use a primer with a stain blocker.

Usually comes free with any paint purchase. Always stir paint before applying.

Attach the spout to a gallon of paint and pour without any mess.

For big jobs that require multiple gallons of paint, keep the color consistent by mixing all the cans in a large bucket.

Place this inside the bucket to wipe any excess paint off the roller.

Use a metal or sturdy plastic tray for smaller projects.

A 3/8-inch nap provides the best finish for most interior walls.

To paint trim, use a two-inch angled brush, which will give you more control.

Essential for protecting trim or walls that you don’t want to get paint on.

Protect furniture with plastic coverings. Place a reusable canvas drop cloth, which is less slippery than plastic, on the floor.

Quicker than spackling: Dab hole filler into small holes in the wall.

Use to loosen any ceiling plates of lighting fixtures and remove switch plates before painting.

Before priming, wash the walls with a few drops of dishwashing detergent mixed with water.

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How to read a painting

You can paint the inside of your house during every season and under nearly every condition—after all, interiors are typically controlled environments, meaning the temperature and humidity can be adjusted to work best for painting. But when it comes to painting house exteriors, it’s an entirely different matter. Unfortunately, the success of your project is often at the mercy of the weather elements you encounter. Rather than adjusting the conditions around your project, you’ll need to adjust the project around the weather conditions. So when is the best time to give your home’s exterior a little refresh? We break it down.

The Best Season to Paint a House Exterior

The optimal painting season for house exteriors is typically regarded as summer. By that point in the year, the weather is warm and rain is at a minimum. However, “summer” doesn’t mean the same thing (or include the same months) in all parts of the country, so it’s more important to focus on days that boast the proper weather conditions, rather than how you refer to the season. For areas that experience hurricanes or monsoon-like conditions toward the end of summer, start painting earlier on in the season instead. Extreme heat should be avoided too, as it can prematurely cure paint, causing it to dry almost instantly as it’s applied. To avoid this, skip painting when the sun is shining directly on your surface.

Painting During Autumn

Temperature fluctuations are also an important factor to consider when deciding when to paint your home’s exterior. Paint doesn’t dry well when temperatures vary drastically, like on a day that reaches 105 degrees Fahrenheit but drops down to 43 degrees in the evening. For that reason, early fall may also be a good time of year to paint, as daytime and nighttime temperatures are often closer than during other times of the year.

Painting During Winter

Many paint manufacturers recommend a minimum outside temperature for painting, making it difficult to successfully coat a house’s exterior during winter in some parts of the country. However, as paint quality improves, minimum temperature requirements increase. It used to be recommended that you never paint a house in temps below 50 degrees, but modern formulas now allow you to paint in temperatures as low as 35 degrees. Translation: Northern states should call it quits around November, while southern states can continue painting through December.

Painting in Moist Conditions

As a rule of thumb, paint should only be applied to a dry surface. When painting outdoors, you run the risk of your exterior surface becoming moist, either from rain and snow or from humidity in the air.

If you're unsure if moisture is present on your exterior, do a detailed check of the surface you'll be painting—if it feels wet, even in the slightest, do not paint. This holds especially true if you've recently experienced inclement weather—even if your exterior doesn't feel damp to the touch, it may be wet within, especially if it's made of a porous material like untreated wood or masonry. It's best to wait at least a full day from the wet weather before you resume painting.

Keep in mind that moisture doesn't always take the form of a massive thunderstorm—it can occur indirectly, too. Dew forming overnight or in early evenings can just as easily ruin exterior paint, even if it was a dry 70 degrees just six hours earlier.

Paint Quality

When it comes to the exterior of your home, the paint you choose will have to be a workhorse. Not only should your chosen shade to stand up to any weather condition, but you want it to last years, if not decades. When it comes to choosing the right paint type and application for your area, we recommend tapping the professionals. There are plenty of DIY home projects you can tackle, but a large-scale paint job on the exterior of your house probably isn’t one.

20 years ago, Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson appeared alongside Bill Gates to reveal the original Xbox console. Now, The Rock is at it again with Xbox through a new partnership.

Xbox has announced that it is collaborating with the new Netflix film, Red Notice. It stars Ryan Reynolds, Gal Gadot, and The Rock. Through The Xbox Vault, an immersive online experience inspired by Red Notice, participants can win prizes, including a one-of-a-kind oil painting of The Rock revealing the original Xbox at CES 2001. The Xbox Vault opens from November 15 to November 24.

Fan have four minutes in the Xbox Vault to find as many of the 27 artifacts and answer unique trivia questions about each of them to earn points. For every 1000 points earned, players gain one additional entry into a global sweepstake. When time starts to run out, the vault glows red until the security doors close down. However, players can try as many times as they’d like and the Xbox Vault will accept the highest score as entry into the sweepstakes.

Besides the oil painting, there are other prizes as well, such as three replica Cleopatra Eggs modeled after the Red Notice movie props and custom Red Notice Xbox Series X consoles, which have a bright red and gold design with a kaleidoscope pattern similar to the Cleopatra Eggs. There are also 12-month subscription Xbox Game Pass Ultimate prizes too.

He’s been with us since day one, now he’s protecting the Xbox Vault and needs your help.​

Explore the #RedNotice inspired Xbox Vault with @TheRock and get a chance to win some exclusive prizes: https://t.co/P5JW8SM5uX | #Xbox20 pic.twitter.com/ZIx9RzV7lv

— Xbox (@Xbox) November 15, 2021

In GameSpot’s Red Notice review, Mat Elfring said, “We need a break from reality to watch a plot that tries to be way more complicated than it should with a handful of twists, over and over again, that won’t shock anyone. Red Notice is a middle-of-the-road movie that is one of the most fun experiences I’ve had during the pandemic.”

This was part of the Xbox 20th anniversary stream that revealed Halo Infinite’s multiplayer beta was launching today.