How to see which groups your windows user account belongs to

I created two SQL Server Logins which correspond to two windows groups:

Then within the database, I created two customers with the identical identify and mapped them to the logins.

Within the windows server, I added my area account MyDomainMyAccount to the MachineNameMyAppAmdin group.

Now I can cross windows authentication through MyDomainMyAccount .

The factor is, I would really like to know precisely which windows group login I am utilizing, however I am not in a position to learn the way.

All of the above return MyDomainMyAccount , however what I would like to know is that if I used to be logging in through the group membership in MachineNameMyAppAmdin .

To sum up, my query is:

Is there a approach to inform precisely which Windows Group Login (or user) the present connection is utilizing?

Or is there any approach I can examine if MyDomainMyAccount is related to a specific user or login?

I do know I can use C# or command to resolve if a site account belongs to particular windows group, however we’ve got some new IT insurance policies, so I am considering of a approach to obtain the same end result through the use of TSQL.

This could be higher fitted to your AD Staff, because the Windows Authentication occurs on the Energetic Listing facet. Personally, I’d examine the permissions, and resolve should you want the identical permissions for the entire group than the user. If no, use roles to separate them based mostly on performance relatively than by user.

5 Solutions 5

Windows Authentication is token-based authentication, you’ll be able to examine tokens right here Entry token and right here Token Based mostly Authentication

The overall idea behind a token-based authentication system is straightforward. Enable customers to enter their username and password so as to acquire a token which permits them to fetch a selected useful resource – with out utilizing their username and password.

An entry token is generated by the logon service when a user logs on to the system and the credentials offered by the user are authenticated towards the authentication database. The authentication database comprises credential data required to assemble the preliminary token for the logon session, together with its user id, main group id, all different groups it’s a part of, and different data. The token is connected to the preliminary course of created within the user session and inherited by subsequent processes created by the preliminary course of.

So while you use Windows Authentication to logon, you current to server your Windows token .

You may see all of the server principals which can be a part of your login token utilizing this code:

If you’d like to discover login token of one other login, you need to first impersonate it:

After all you need to have IMPERSONATE permission on some_login to have the opportunity to impersonate it.

So your permissions on server are outlined based mostly on the “sum” of the permissions of all of the principals that make a part of your token. DENY as at all times has priority on GRANT so in case you are a member of two Win groups one among wich has grant and different deny on some object, you may be denied to entry it.

Windows Authentication in SQL Server does not work precisely like that. While you log in as a site user who has an related login, but in addition has entry through a site group that has an related login, the entry is set by the mixed DENY/GRANT permissions and SQLDB function membership assigned to each the user login and the group login.

There isn’t any idea of being ‘logged in’ because the group, the group is solely a container to present entry to a set of area customers based mostly on their membership on this group in Energetic Listing.

You may examine the assorted entry paths for a specific user by working this command:

This can record out the assorted entry paths for a user, i.e. all of the group logins and user logins this Windows account is linked to.

I attempted the command however it returns Couldn’t acquire details about Windows NT group/user ‘MyDomainMyAccount’, error code 0x5.

error code 0x5 signifies “Entry is Denied”. You want to examine permissions for the SQL Server service account.

Whereas there may be good information in each HandyD’s reply and sepupic’s reply, there may be nonetheless some clarification wanted.

While you log in utilizing Windows Authentication, your safety context consists of all of the Logins mapped in sys.server_principals that match your present Windows safety context. This is usually a Windows Login and/or a number of Windows Groups. If your Windows account is in 5 groups and three of these groups are registered as Logins in SQL Server, however no Login for you particularly, your safety context can be simply these 3 groups. When you then added a Login for your Windows account particularly, then logging in would provide you with a safety context of your Windows Login plus all Three of these mapped groups.

xp_logininfo is useful in that it may possibly present the matching mapped Groups and/or Login for accounts with out having to log in as them or impersonate them. And it may possibly allow you to see the members of a Windows Group (if the Windows Group is registered in SQL Server as a Login).

What this technique saved process cannot present is:

  1. the remainder of the safety context for a specific Login / Group that determines the efficient permissions. As an example-level permissions this would come with Server Roles that the Login and/or Group(s) are members of. For database-level permissions this would come with Database Roles in any database that the Login has a mapping for
  2. Logins which can be direct to the database with out having a Login on the instance-level. That is how Contained Databases work (however it’s okay that xp_logininfo does not present something for Contained DBs because it solely works within them if the instance-level collation is Latin1_General_100_CI_AS_KS_WS_SC due to a bug I simply found whereas testing this: xp_logininfo will get “Msg 468, Degree 16, State 9: Can not resolve the collation battle. ” when DB collation does not match occasion collation)

sys.login_token is useful for seeing the full safety context, together with the Windows Login (if there may be one mapped) and/or any Windows Groups (if any are mapped), in addition to server-level roles that the Login and/or Groups are members of. “Efficient” permissions are based mostly on ALL permissions throughout all safety tokens, and a DENY overrides any GRANT s. So that you will be granted a permission to one thing through membership in Group 1, however Group 2 is a member of a server-level function that has been denied that permission (or a guardian permission), and so you’re successfully denied that permission.

What this DMV cannot present is:

  1. any information for Logins apart from the present Login
  2. members of Windows Groups

sys.user_token is useful for seeing the full safety context on the database-level. The safety tokens will be completely different per every database so efficient permissions are at all times based mostly on the present database when this DMV is checked. This DMV is the extra related information when immediately logging right into a Contained DB.

Suppose I’ve the user id of a user in Energetic Listing. I might like to get an inventory of all AD groups in which that user is presently a member of. How can I do that from the Windows command line?

I’ve tried the next:

Error:

I haven’t got sufficient fame to reply, however assuming you’re utilizing powershell, you’ll be able to write this: Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership username | choose identify

15 Solutions 15

You are able to do this in PowerShell fairly simply. I am certain you are able to do it with the ds instruments too, however they’re outdated and crusty and PowerShell ought to be used for all the pieces doable these days.

What working system are you on? PowerShell is constructed into something newer than XP and is on the market to XP as an non-compulsory Windows Replace.

You then downloaded the fallacious installer. Additionally, only a heads up, XP assist ends in just below a yr. Get upgrades shifting! microsoft.com/en-us/windows/endofsupport.aspx

Or with the web user command.

I like the simplicity that a few of the “outdated” DOS instructions supply. And, they’ve at all times been there so even when you do not have PoSH loaded on an outdated machine, DOS comes to the rescue! Thanks for posting this.

Sure, there are limitations. Nested group memberships are usually not proven and you’re proper, the output is truncated. Admittedly, I had not thought of the latter.

Labored nice however why wouldn’t it be truncated? Is there a config/parameter that may be added for full group identify?

Single line, no modules obligatory, makes use of present logged user $($env:username), runs from different windows machines:

Excellent resolution, the one one which labored for me with out putting in any extra softwar! Thanks!

One other +1 right here for each engaged on a restricted system and having higher output than web.exe. Thanks a bunch!

When you want to see your personal groups, there’s whoami /groups :

Shows the user groups to which the present user belongs.

The benefit of this command over web user /area username is that implicit group memberships are additionally displayed with whoami .

Finest resolution. Upvoted. Brief and candy. Would not truncate. Personally I like greatest the LIST format, i.e. whoami /groups /fo record , as a result of it’s the best to learn with the attention.

Discovered a great useful resource:

Here is how to do it from Windows command immediate:

One other strategy: a PowerShell script that lists all implicit group memberships from the Windows account token. Works on a restricted system.

adfind is one other useful gizmo for this kind of factor. It’s a free instrument from MVP Joe Richards

You should utilize one of many shortucts

This PowerShell model returns simply the AD group names, relatively than the DN of the group. The ‘select-object’ output can simply be piped to a CSV or take a look at file.

(Get-ADUser ExampleUser –Properties MemberOf).memberof | Get-ADGroup | Choose-Object identify

Powershell, provides a pleasant and clear output.

Here is an answer looking out all domains beneath the given area (assuming correct permission for every area):

Attempt adquery (should you’re on Linux/RHEL)

#To seek out All AD groups a user “XXXX” is part of:

Conversely, to discover all customers an Energetic Listing group “ABCD” has:

You may pipe with grep to refine additional.

These instructions will be run if you find yourself logged on as a typical user with out elevated privileges.

How can I discover out which OU a User Account belongs to?

I am utilizing Server 2003. The place can I discover the Server 2003 discussion board?

James A+, Community+, MCP

  • Moved by Bruce-Liu Thursday, June 24, 2010 9:26 AM (From:Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration)
  • Modified kind Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:03 AM

Solutions

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

All replies

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

Please be sure that to allow the “Superior Options” of ADUC so to discover the Object tab from user’s properties.

Regards Windows Server 2003 concern, please be happy to publish to the discussion board who has not been marked as Windows Server 2008 R2.

On July 1st we can be making Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration discussion board learn solely. After receiving numerous suggestions from the group, it was determined that this discussion board is a duplication and subsequently redundant of the Administration and Windows Energy Shell Discussion board. So, till July 1st, we’ll begin asking prospects to redirect their questions to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable. On June 11th, CSS engineers will transfer any new threads to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable.

Please publish a reply to the announcement thread when you’ve got any suggestions on this determination or the method. You can too e mail [email protected] .

I created two SQL Server Logins which correspond to two windows groups:

Then within the database, I created two customers with the identical identify and mapped them to the logins.

Within the windows server, I added my area account MyDomainMyAccount to the MachineNameMyAppAmdin group.

Now I can cross windows authentication through MyDomainMyAccount .

The factor is, I would really like to know precisely which windows group login I am utilizing, however I am not in a position to learn the way.

All of the above return MyDomainMyAccount , however what I would like to know is that if I used to be logging in through the group membership in MachineNameMyAppAmdin .

To sum up, my query is:

Is there a approach to inform precisely which Windows Group Login (or user) the present connection is utilizing?

Or is there any approach I can examine if MyDomainMyAccount is related to a specific user or login?

I do know I can use C# or command to resolve if a site account belongs to particular windows group, however we’ve got some new IT insurance policies, so I am considering of a approach to obtain the same end result through the use of TSQL.

This could be higher fitted to your AD Staff, because the Windows Authentication occurs on the Energetic Listing facet. Personally, I’d examine the permissions, and resolve should you want the identical permissions for the entire group than the user. If no, use roles to separate them based mostly on performance relatively than by user.

5 Solutions 5

Windows Authentication is token-based authentication, you’ll be able to examine tokens right here Entry token and right here Token Based mostly Authentication

The overall idea behind a token-based authentication system is straightforward. Enable customers to enter their username and password so as to acquire a token which permits them to fetch a selected useful resource – with out utilizing their username and password.

An entry token is generated by the logon service when a user logs on to the system and the credentials offered by the user are authenticated towards the authentication database. The authentication database comprises credential data required to assemble the preliminary token for the logon session, together with its user id, main group id, all different groups it’s a part of, and different data. The token is connected to the preliminary course of created within the user session and inherited by subsequent processes created by the preliminary course of.

So while you use Windows Authentication to logon, you current to server your Windows token .

You may see all of the server principals which can be a part of your login token utilizing this code:

If you’d like to discover login token of one other login, you need to first impersonate it:

After all you need to have IMPERSONATE permission on some_login to have the opportunity to impersonate it.

So your permissions on server are outlined based mostly on the “sum” of the permissions of all of the principals that make a part of your token. DENY as at all times has priority on GRANT so in case you are a member of two Win groups one among wich has grant and different deny on some object, you may be denied to entry it.

Windows Authentication in SQL Server does not work precisely like that. While you log in as a site user who has an related login, but in addition has entry through a site group that has an related login, the entry is set by the mixed DENY/GRANT permissions and SQLDB function membership assigned to each the user login and the group login.

There isn’t any idea of being ‘logged in’ because the group, the group is solely a container to present entry to a set of area customers based mostly on their membership on this group in Energetic Listing.

You may examine the assorted entry paths for a specific user by working this command:

This can record out the assorted entry paths for a user, i.e. all of the group logins and user logins this Windows account is linked to.

I attempted the command however it returns Couldn’t acquire details about Windows NT group/user ‘MyDomainMyAccount’, error code 0x5.

error code 0x5 signifies “Entry is Denied”. You want to examine permissions for the SQL Server service account.

Whereas there may be good information in each HandyD’s reply and sepupic’s reply, there may be nonetheless some clarification wanted.

While you log in utilizing Windows Authentication, your safety context consists of all of the Logins mapped in sys.server_principals that match your present Windows safety context. This is usually a Windows Login and/or a number of Windows Groups. If your Windows account is in 5 groups and three of these groups are registered as Logins in SQL Server, however no Login for you particularly, your safety context can be simply these 3 groups. When you then added a Login for your Windows account particularly, then logging in would provide you with a safety context of your Windows Login plus all Three of these mapped groups.

xp_logininfo is useful in that it may possibly present the matching mapped Groups and/or Login for accounts with out having to log in as them or impersonate them. And it may possibly allow you to see the members of a Windows Group (if the Windows Group is registered in SQL Server as a Login).

What this technique saved process cannot present is:

  1. the remainder of the safety context for a specific Login / Group that determines the efficient permissions. As an example-level permissions this would come with Server Roles that the Login and/or Group(s) are members of. For database-level permissions this would come with Database Roles in any database that the Login has a mapping for
  2. Logins which can be direct to the database with out having a Login on the instance-level. That is how Contained Databases work (however it’s okay that xp_logininfo does not present something for Contained DBs because it solely works within them if the instance-level collation is Latin1_General_100_CI_AS_KS_WS_SC due to a bug I simply found whereas testing this: xp_logininfo will get “Msg 468, Degree 16, State 9: Can not resolve the collation battle. ” when DB collation does not match occasion collation)

sys.login_token is useful for seeing the full safety context, together with the Windows Login (if there may be one mapped) and/or any Windows Groups (if any are mapped), in addition to server-level roles that the Login and/or Groups are members of. “Efficient” permissions are based mostly on ALL permissions throughout all safety tokens, and a DENY overrides any GRANT s. So that you will be granted a permission to one thing through membership in Group 1, however Group 2 is a member of a server-level function that has been denied that permission (or a guardian permission), and so you’re successfully denied that permission.

What this DMV cannot present is:

  1. any information for Logins apart from the present Login
  2. members of Windows Groups

sys.user_token is useful for seeing the full safety context on the database-level. The safety tokens will be completely different per every database so efficient permissions are at all times based mostly on the present database when this DMV is checked. This DMV is the extra related information when immediately logging right into a Contained DB.

I am working a Windows XP desktop in a company surroundings. How can I discover out what AD groups I belong to?

Effectively, it is from a consumer/desktop perspective. It might be fairly straightforward to determine if I had entry to AD.

@chirs, maybe make clear in your query that you just imply from the attitude of a consumer in a Windows area.

6 Solutions 6

Attempt working gpresult /R for RSoP abstract or gpresult /V for verbose output from the command line as an administrator on the pc. It ought to output one thing like this:

Or in case you are logged in to a Windows Server OS with the ActiveDirectory PowerShell Module (or Shopper OS with the Distant Server Administration Instruments) strive the Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet:

For causes in all probability associated to the configuration of my consumer’s community, after I used /v, I acquired an enormous wall of textual content with the group record buried someplace inside. I had significantly better luck with gpresult /r .

Little bit of a sledehammer to crack a nut. WHOAMI is the way in which ahead, or NET USER /area, though this truncates groups with lengthy names.

With full credit score to Greg Bray’s reply. if the end result exceeds the display screen measurement and also you want to see ALL of it, use the helpful redirect(pipe) command: ” > ” to write the outcomes to file. So it might develop into one thing like this: C:Windowssystem32>gpresult /V >c:group_details.txt

This could not solely record safety groups however distribution groups, if I recall accurately (and which may additionally be helpful to know). Additionally takes care of nesting, ie you’re in group A which is in B, so it reveals you as additionally in B (once more I’m attempting to recall the small print right here).

In Vista and Win7 natively, for XP you in all probability want the sp2 assist instruments (which would additionally require that you’ve adequate priviledges to set up them in fact). http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/particulars.aspx?FamilyId=49AE8576-9BB9-4126-9761-BA8011FABF38&displaylang=en

Additionally whoami /groups has an edge case the place you get the fallacious data. See stackoverflow.com/questions/4051883/…

I believe you’ll be able to write in a cmd window:

Substitute USERNAME with your personal username, with out area prefix.

Superior; this helps me not solely see what I’ve, however what others have, which is helpful after I want to see why different customers haven’t got entry to one thing. Glorious work!

Only a remark to say thanks, that is a lot simpler than logging into server to examine groups, another helpful information there too.

Begin – Run – CMD – GPRESULT /r is adequate -> you do not want to show the complete “/v” to visualize group belongings as a client-user so far as AD is worried (beneath Windows 7 for certain, however I am unsure about winxp)

If you do not have entry to AD:

Begin – Run – CMD – GPRESULT /v

You’ll see on the finish: The user is a part of the next safety groups

When you’re on the lookout for pace then gpresult is s l o w. particularly if there are numerous GPO’s utilized.

Simply run one of many following, one is for native group and the opposite is for area groups:-

Native – ‘c:windowssystem32web.exe localgroup’ + ‘identify of group to examine’

Area – ‘c:windowssystem32web.exe group /area’ + ‘identify of group to examine’

Then parse the output for the username you’re on the lookout for because the end result will record of the customers in that group. Hope this helps.

Suppose I’ve the user id of a user in Energetic Listing. I might like to get an inventory of all AD groups in which that user is presently a member of. How can I do that from the Windows command line?

I’ve tried the next:

Error:

I haven’t got sufficient fame to reply, however assuming you’re utilizing powershell, you’ll be able to write this: Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership username | choose identify

15 Solutions 15

You are able to do this in PowerShell fairly simply. I am certain you are able to do it with the ds instruments too, however they’re outdated and crusty and PowerShell ought to be used for all the pieces doable these days.

What working system are you on? PowerShell is constructed into something newer than XP and is on the market to XP as an non-compulsory Windows Replace.

You then downloaded the fallacious installer. Additionally, only a heads up, XP assist ends in just below a yr. Get upgrades shifting! microsoft.com/en-us/windows/endofsupport.aspx

Or with the web user command.

I like the simplicity that a few of the “outdated” DOS instructions supply. And, they’ve at all times been there so even when you do not have PoSH loaded on an outdated machine, DOS comes to the rescue! Thanks for posting this.

Sure, there are limitations. Nested group memberships are usually not proven and you’re proper, the output is truncated. Admittedly, I had not thought of the latter.

Labored nice however why wouldn’t it be truncated? Is there a config/parameter that may be added for full group identify?

Single line, no modules obligatory, makes use of present logged user $($env:username), runs from different windows machines:

Excellent resolution, the one one which labored for me with out putting in any extra softwar! Thanks!

One other +1 right here for each engaged on a restricted system and having higher output than web.exe. Thanks a bunch!

When you want to see your personal groups, there’s whoami /groups :

Shows the user groups to which the present user belongs.

The benefit of this command over web user /area username is that implicit group memberships are additionally displayed with whoami .

Finest resolution. Upvoted. Brief and candy. Would not truncate. Personally I like greatest the LIST format, i.e. whoami /groups /fo record , as a result of it’s the best to learn with the attention.

Discovered a great useful resource:

Here is how to do it from Windows command immediate:

One other strategy: a PowerShell script that lists all implicit group memberships from the Windows account token. Works on a restricted system.

adfind is one other useful gizmo for this kind of factor. It’s a free instrument from MVP Joe Richards

You should utilize one of many shortucts

This PowerShell model returns simply the AD group names, relatively than the DN of the group. The ‘select-object’ output can simply be piped to a CSV or take a look at file.

(Get-ADUser ExampleUser –Properties MemberOf).memberof | Get-ADGroup | Choose-Object identify

Powershell, provides a pleasant and clear output.

Here is an answer looking out all domains beneath the given area (assuming correct permission for every area):

Attempt adquery (should you’re on Linux/RHEL)

#To seek out All AD groups a user “XXXX” is part of:

Conversely, to discover all customers an Energetic Listing group “ABCD” has:

You may pipe with grep to refine additional.

These instructions will be run if you find yourself logged on as a typical user with out elevated privileges.

How can I discover out which OU a User Account belongs to?

I am utilizing Server 2003. The place can I discover the Server 2003 discussion board?

James A+, Community+, MCP

  • Moved by Bruce-Liu Thursday, June 24, 2010 9:26 AM (From:Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration)
  • Modified kind Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:03 AM

Solutions

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

All replies

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

Please be sure that to allow the “Superior Options” of ADUC so to discover the Object tab from user’s properties.

Regards Windows Server 2003 concern, please be happy to publish to the discussion board who has not been marked as Windows Server 2008 R2.

On July 1st we can be making Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration discussion board learn solely. After receiving numerous suggestions from the group, it was determined that this discussion board is a duplication and subsequently redundant of the Administration and Windows Energy Shell Discussion board. So, till July 1st, we’ll begin asking prospects to redirect their questions to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable. On June 11th, CSS engineers will transfer any new threads to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable.

Please publish a reply to the announcement thread when you’ve got any suggestions on this determination or the method. You can too e mail [email protected] .

I created two SQL Server Logins which correspond to two windows groups:

Then within the database, I created two customers with the identical identify and mapped them to the logins.

Within the windows server, I added my area account MyDomainMyAccount to the MachineNameMyAppAmdin group.

Now I can cross windows authentication through MyDomainMyAccount .

The factor is, I would really like to know precisely which windows group login I am utilizing, however I am not in a position to learn the way.

All of the above return MyDomainMyAccount , however what I would like to know is that if I used to be logging in through the group membership in MachineNameMyAppAmdin .

To sum up, my query is:

Is there a approach to inform precisely which Windows Group Login (or user) the present connection is utilizing?

Or is there any approach I can examine if MyDomainMyAccount is related to a specific user or login?

I do know I can use C# or command to resolve if a site account belongs to particular windows group, however we’ve got some new IT insurance policies, so I am considering of a approach to obtain the same end result through the use of TSQL.

This could be higher fitted to your AD Staff, because the Windows Authentication occurs on the Energetic Listing facet. Personally, I’d examine the permissions, and resolve should you want the identical permissions for the entire group than the user. If no, use roles to separate them based mostly on performance relatively than by user.

5 Solutions 5

Windows Authentication is token-based authentication, you’ll be able to examine tokens right here Entry token and right here Token Based mostly Authentication

The overall idea behind a token-based authentication system is straightforward. Enable customers to enter their username and password so as to acquire a token which permits them to fetch a selected useful resource – with out utilizing their username and password.

An entry token is generated by the logon service when a user logs on to the system and the credentials offered by the user are authenticated towards the authentication database. The authentication database comprises credential data required to assemble the preliminary token for the logon session, together with its user id, main group id, all different groups it’s a part of, and different data. The token is connected to the preliminary course of created within the user session and inherited by subsequent processes created by the preliminary course of.

So while you use Windows Authentication to logon, you current to server your Windows token .

You may see all of the server principals which can be a part of your login token utilizing this code:

If you’d like to discover login token of one other login, you need to first impersonate it:

After all you need to have IMPERSONATE permission on some_login to have the opportunity to impersonate it.

So your permissions on server are outlined based mostly on the “sum” of the permissions of all of the principals that make a part of your token. DENY as at all times has priority on GRANT so in case you are a member of two Win groups one among wich has grant and different deny on some object, you may be denied to entry it.

Windows Authentication in SQL Server does not work precisely like that. While you log in as a site user who has an related login, but in addition has entry through a site group that has an related login, the entry is set by the mixed DENY/GRANT permissions and SQLDB function membership assigned to each the user login and the group login.

There isn’t any idea of being ‘logged in’ because the group, the group is solely a container to present entry to a set of area customers based mostly on their membership on this group in Energetic Listing.

You may examine the assorted entry paths for a specific user by working this command:

This can record out the assorted entry paths for a user, i.e. all of the group logins and user logins this Windows account is linked to.

I attempted the command however it returns Couldn’t acquire details about Windows NT group/user ‘MyDomainMyAccount’, error code 0x5.

error code 0x5 signifies “Entry is Denied”. You want to examine permissions for the SQL Server service account.

Whereas there may be good information in each HandyD’s reply and sepupic’s reply, there may be nonetheless some clarification wanted.

While you log in utilizing Windows Authentication, your safety context consists of all of the Logins mapped in sys.server_principals that match your present Windows safety context. This is usually a Windows Login and/or a number of Windows Groups. If your Windows account is in 5 groups and three of these groups are registered as Logins in SQL Server, however no Login for you particularly, your safety context can be simply these 3 groups. When you then added a Login for your Windows account particularly, then logging in would provide you with a safety context of your Windows Login plus all Three of these mapped groups.

xp_logininfo is useful in that it may possibly present the matching mapped Groups and/or Login for accounts with out having to log in as them or impersonate them. And it may possibly allow you to see the members of a Windows Group (if the Windows Group is registered in SQL Server as a Login).

What this technique saved process cannot present is:

  1. the remainder of the safety context for a specific Login / Group that determines the efficient permissions. As an example-level permissions this would come with Server Roles that the Login and/or Group(s) are members of. For database-level permissions this would come with Database Roles in any database that the Login has a mapping for
  2. Logins which can be direct to the database with out having a Login on the instance-level. That is how Contained Databases work (however it’s okay that xp_logininfo does not present something for Contained DBs because it solely works within them if the instance-level collation is Latin1_General_100_CI_AS_KS_WS_SC due to a bug I simply found whereas testing this: xp_logininfo will get “Msg 468, Degree 16, State 9: Can not resolve the collation battle. ” when DB collation does not match occasion collation)

sys.login_token is useful for seeing the full safety context, together with the Windows Login (if there may be one mapped) and/or any Windows Groups (if any are mapped), in addition to server-level roles that the Login and/or Groups are members of. “Efficient” permissions are based mostly on ALL permissions throughout all safety tokens, and a DENY overrides any GRANT s. So that you will be granted a permission to one thing through membership in Group 1, however Group 2 is a member of a server-level function that has been denied that permission (or a guardian permission), and so you’re successfully denied that permission.

What this DMV cannot present is:

  1. any information for Logins apart from the present Login
  2. members of Windows Groups

sys.user_token is useful for seeing the full safety context on the database-level. The safety tokens will be completely different per every database so efficient permissions are at all times based mostly on the present database when this DMV is checked. This DMV is the extra related information when immediately logging right into a Contained DB.

I am working a Windows XP desktop in a company surroundings. How can I discover out what AD groups I belong to?

Effectively, it is from a consumer/desktop perspective. It might be fairly straightforward to determine if I had entry to AD.

@chirs, maybe make clear in your query that you just imply from the attitude of a consumer in a Windows area.

6 Solutions 6

Attempt working gpresult /R for RSoP abstract or gpresult /V for verbose output from the command line as an administrator on the pc. It ought to output one thing like this:

Or in case you are logged in to a Windows Server OS with the ActiveDirectory PowerShell Module (or Shopper OS with the Distant Server Administration Instruments) strive the Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet:

For causes in all probability associated to the configuration of my consumer’s community, after I used /v, I acquired an enormous wall of textual content with the group record buried someplace inside. I had significantly better luck with gpresult /r .

Little bit of a sledehammer to crack a nut. WHOAMI is the way in which ahead, or NET USER /area, though this truncates groups with lengthy names.

With full credit score to Greg Bray’s reply. if the end result exceeds the display screen measurement and also you want to see ALL of it, use the helpful redirect(pipe) command: ” > ” to write the outcomes to file. So it might develop into one thing like this: C:Windowssystem32>gpresult /V >c:group_details.txt

This could not solely record safety groups however distribution groups, if I recall accurately (and which may additionally be helpful to know). Additionally takes care of nesting, ie you’re in group A which is in B, so it reveals you as additionally in B (once more I’m attempting to recall the small print right here).

In Vista and Win7 natively, for XP you in all probability want the sp2 assist instruments (which would additionally require that you’ve adequate priviledges to set up them in fact). http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/particulars.aspx?FamilyId=49AE8576-9BB9-4126-9761-BA8011FABF38&displaylang=en

Additionally whoami /groups has an edge case the place you get the fallacious data. See stackoverflow.com/questions/4051883/…

I believe you’ll be able to write in a cmd window:

Substitute USERNAME with your personal username, with out area prefix.

Superior; this helps me not solely see what I’ve, however what others have, which is helpful after I want to see why different customers haven’t got entry to one thing. Glorious work!

Only a remark to say thanks, that is a lot simpler than logging into server to examine groups, another helpful information there too.

Begin – Run – CMD – GPRESULT /r is adequate -> you do not want to show the complete “/v” to visualize group belongings as a client-user so far as AD is worried (beneath Windows 7 for certain, however I am unsure about winxp)

If you do not have entry to AD:

Begin – Run – CMD – GPRESULT /v

You’ll see on the finish: The user is a part of the next safety groups

When you’re on the lookout for pace then gpresult is s l o w. particularly if there are numerous GPO’s utilized.

Simply run one of many following, one is for native group and the opposite is for area groups:-

Native – ‘c:windowssystem32web.exe localgroup’ + ‘identify of group to examine’

Area – ‘c:windowssystem32web.exe group /area’ + ‘identify of group to examine’

Then parse the output for the username you’re on the lookout for because the end result will record of the customers in that group. Hope this helps.

How can I discover out which OU a User Account belongs to?

I am utilizing Server 2003. The place can I discover the Server 2003 discussion board?

James A+, Community+, MCP

  • Moved by Bruce-Liu Thursday, June 24, 2010 9:26 AM (From:Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration)
  • Modified kind Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:03 AM

Solutions

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

All replies

  • Marked as reply by Bruce-Liu Thursday, July 8, 2010 9:09 AM

Please be sure that to allow the “Superior Options” of ADUC so to discover the Object tab from user’s properties.

Regards Windows Server 2003 concern, please be happy to publish to the discussion board who has not been marked as Windows Server 2008 R2.

On July 1st we can be making Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration discussion board learn solely. After receiving numerous suggestions from the group, it was determined that this discussion board is a duplication and subsequently redundant of the Administration and Windows Energy Shell Discussion board. So, till July 1st, we’ll begin asking prospects to redirect their questions to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable. On June 11th, CSS engineers will transfer any new threads to the Administration or Windows Energy Shell Discussion board as acceptable.

Please publish a reply to the announcement thread when you’ve got any suggestions on this determination or the method. You can too e mail [email protected] .