Table of Contents
At first glance, it might seem as though cats don’t notice colors. Many of us have heard about cats possibly being colorblind, and it often seems like cats are. After all, your kitty doesn’t seem to care what color shirt you have on.
What colors do cats like?
Cats’ eyes only have blue and green cones, making shades of these colors more noticeable to them. However, rather than showing an interest in colors for their own sake, cats are drawn to these colors to detect movement more easily.
According to this video, blue and violet have calming effects on cats, showing that they do have some color perception. For cats, colors are most helpful for spotting smaller movements.
Cats have relatively low visual acuity in comparison to many other species. They do not make out detail at greater distances like humans with better vision. A cat’s range of vision allows for it to make out more details at a closer range.
How Do Cats See Color?
According to Rob Harris, cats see color in a similar way to humans. The most significant difference is that cats can see fewer colors than humans.
How is this possible? Like humans, cats have cones that make color differentiation possible. Their eyes contain fewer cones than ours. Cats also only have cones allowing them to see blues and greens, in contrast to our seeing blues, greens, and reds.
Despite cats only having blue and green cones, the range of colors that they can see includes more than these two options. Cats can see some yellow shades because this is a color that helps make green.
To cats, some shades like red or pink are likely to appear gray or black. All colors that cats can see will appear muted to our eyes. Think of what objects look like when you are outside at twilight, and you will get a better idea of how cats see things.
Cats may show a preference for toys of different shapes, regardless of color. When this is the case, the form is more of a factor. Your cat might prefer toys that resemble the shape of smaller prey animals, like birds or mice.
How Well Can Cats See at Night?
Christine O’Brien notes that cats have excellent vision in conditions with low light. This visual acuity in low light makes it easier for cats to see their prey.
Cats can see in 20% of the light that humans can. How this is possible is through an iridescent membrane that reflects light into the eyes. The effect of this membrane, known as a tapetum, is similar to that of a mirror.
When cats’ eyes appear to glow in the dark, this membrane is what is responsible. From lights in your house to camera flashes, the membrane reflects the light your cat requires. Colors have virtually no influence on a cat’s ability to catch prey.
Even in low-light situations in your house, your cat’s eyes will adjust to the situation. The use of nightlights around your home will make it easier for your cat to avoid becoming a tripping hazard.
Is There a Connection Between Color and Movement for Cats?
According to Battersea, all cats have hunting instincts, regardless of whether they are allowed outside or not.
Being able to see movement is one of the most valuable tools that cats possess. When a cat is more attracted to one toy over another, its movement is what likely appeals to your furry friend over the color.
Color can play a minor role in a cat’s ability to detect movement. Colors may overlap or wave in a way that helps draw a cat’s attention. This is possibly one of the reasons cats seem exceptionally responsive to toys with flashy or sparkly effects.
As another example, think of having a section of brown earth, like a flowerbed. If you’ve ever noticed your cat drawn to a blue or brightly colored bird hopping over the dirt, the color contrast is what plays the most significant role.
Your cat can better focus on its prey with the combination of colors and movement, regardless of the circumstances. Domestic cats have evolved as efficient hunters because of these natural predatory advantages.
Although movement helps cats see better, there are limitations. For example, a cat allowed outside is unlikely to be able to discern whether an approaching car is too close. For such reasons, your cat is safer indoors.
How Do Cats React to Certain Colors?
According to Purrfect Love, pastel shades of purple, green, yellow, and blue all seem to satisfy cats. Some shades will have more of a calming effect on some cats than others.
Mixed patterns, shapes, and colors are popular on cat toys and accessories with good reason. Color contrast helps these items seem brighter to cats, helping to spur their interest. Pink and yellow, red and blue, and black and white are winning combinations.
We’ve seen that cats can see yellow, purple, green, and blue. Of all the colors, these are the closest to what we can see. Remember that these colors will appear dimmer to cats than they will to us.
Some animal behaviorists and researchers question whether cats can see orange. You are likely to see orange on cat toys or accessories. However, the feline reaction to this color is likely mixed.
Browns and reds are colors that cats can questionably see. From a cat’s perspective, these colors likely have a grayish cast and are somewhat muted. When cats see these colors, they likely perceive them as blending into the local surroundings.
Cats are believed to see black in much bolder shades than people. White appears much brighter and possibly blurred, which makes anything larger and white intimidating. Some think that veterinarians’ white coats are scary to them because of this.
How Can You Use Color to Calm a Cat?
Rob from The Shoko Show, colors that cats tend to prefer are perfect choices for blankets to use when your cat is feeling stressed.
For example, many owners prefer to wrap their cats in a blanket during a vet visit. The blanket can help make the cat feel more secure in what is often a stressful setting. If the blanket is in a favorite color, your cat will feel more secure.
Avoid using a crate or carrier that is white to transport your cat. To a cat, a white crate appears to be glowing. You especially want to avoid this for vet trips because there are a lot of white surfaces that can contribute to your cat’s anxiety.
A toy in a color your cat seems to enjoy can also be a major stress-buster. The toy, which your cat will associate with good times, can calm your cat down very quickly in bad circumstances. Catnip-filled toys are especially helpful.
When your cat shows calm behavior, reward it with praise and a treat. Your cat will associate being calm with getting rewarded. A rewarded cat is a happy cat.
Cats Enjoy Several Colors
Cats can see several colors, but they see them differently because of the number of cones in their eyes. Many of the colors that they see have a muted tone. Colors and motion work together to help the cat hunt more effectively.
Certain colors and color combinations have a broad appeal for cats. The use of these colors together will encourage your cat’s use of its hunting instincts. The right color combinations can also calm your cat down.
Rebecca is obsessed with cats and traveling around the world. She spent most of her time with cats.
Posted by Daniel Eggertsen on September 29, 2007 in Uncategorized · Comments Off on What Color Lures Catfish Like
What color of lures do Catfish prefer?
Catfish do not see colors as well as other fish.Г‚В Actually, catfish are colorblind, so they don’t see any colors at all, only white and black.Г‚В Even though they’re colorblind, they have really good vision.Г‚В Remember, they live on the bottom of the lake, so they have to be able to see things well down there, and that means they have to be extra-sensitive to what little light they get.
That being said, fluorescent lures work well for catfish.Г‚В They see those bright colors well.Г‚В Some anglers use a glow-light at the end of their line too, because they find that catfish really go after light and movement.
Water conditions also have an effect on what kind of lure you should use.Г‚В As a general rule, for all kinds of fish (not just cats), you should use a green or blue lure when the water is clear, and a red, yellow or orange lure when the water is murky and hard to see through.Г‚В This all has to do with visibility, and it varies a little between different kinds of fish because some fish see colors better than others.
With catfish, keep in mind that what they really like is stinky bait.Г‚В That means live bait always works best.Г‚В They’ll pay much less attention to the color of the way bait looks, and much more to how it smells.
There was also a question about line color that I want to address here.Г‚В Line color is not a big consideration with catfish.Г‚В They won’t even notice it.Г‚В It’s what’s on the end of the line that matters!
The Spruce / jskbirds
Birds have excellent vision and see colors very well, even better than humans’ vision, but how can birders take advantage of birds’ color sense? Choosing the best colors to attract birds can add beauty to the yard and encourage more species to visit.
Why Birds See Color
Color is important to many bird species, and they rely on color clues in their environment in several ways.
- Bright plumage colors indicate a mature, healthy bird that will be a strong mate.
- Molting to brighter colors indicates the onset of the bird breeding season.
- Colorful markings can be warnings against plant toxins or strong predators.
- Brightly colored fruit is ripe and ready to eat at the peak of its nutritious content.
- Bright flowers are filled with nectar and will attract insects for another food source.
- Changing foliage colors can indicate changing seasons and time for migration.
Because birds are so attuned to colors, adding the right colors to your yard can be a creative and beautiful way to attract birds, particularly in late fall and winter when less natural color may be available.
Best Colors to Attract Birds
Different birds are attracted to different colors. Individual bird species may see the “best” colors as indicating a food source. Other birds may be more attracted to the colors of their own plumage as those could indicate a potential mate or another bird that is surviving well. Most bright colors, however, can be used to attract many different birds, with certain bird species being more attracted to particular shades.
- Red and Pink: Hummingbirds
- Orange: Orioles, hummingbirds
- Yellow: Goldfinches, warblers, hummingbirds
- Blue: Bluebirds, jays
Natural camouflage colors such as gray, brown, and green are excellent choices to attract birds with more nervous temperaments, such as doves, quail, thrushes, and other ground feeders. These earth tone shades represent security and safety, which are attractive to more skittish bird species.
The One Color to Avoid
While most bright colors are attractive to birds, one color, in particular, should be avoided as much as possible: white signals alarm, danger, and aggression to many birds. In fact, many birds use white in their plumage as a warning, such as the white flash of a dark-eyed junco’s tail feathers or the white patch on a northern mockingbird’s wings. Adding a lot of white to the yard will not attract birds, but could very well warn them away.
Using Color to Attract Birds
There are many ways to add both natural and artificial color sources to your yard to attract birds to the beautiful shades. Landscaping with colorful flowers, trees, shrubs, vines, and grasses is one of the best options. Many plants that have these bright colors will also provide food, shelter, and nesting sites for birds, making them even more useful for bird-friendly landscaping.
When choosing plants, opt for the most colorful varieties, and choose cultivars that have both early and late-lasting color so they will attract birds as long as possible. Also investigate the colors of any fruit produced by the plants or autumn changes in foliage color to choose the best options for natural color to attract birds in all seasons. If a garden or flowerbeds are not available, consider adding colorful plants to large containers, porch pots, or window boxes instead, and change them seasonally for the most vibrant shades.
Birders who want to add an artificial touch of color to their yards have many options for supplementing natural plantings with a rainbow burst that can attract birds.
- Add a colored gazing ball or mosaic ball in the yard, preferably near a bird feeder or bath.
- Paint fences or garden sheds in bright colors, using non-toxic paints for wildlife safety.
- Opt for colorful bird feeders, or add colored ribbons or artificial flowers to decorate feeders.
- Paint other yard objects in bright colors, such as pots, benches, trellises, or arbors.
- Choose decorative items with touches of color birds will find attractive, such as walkway accent stones, wind chimes, statues, or other novelties.
It does not take much color to attract birds, but be sure the colorful accents will be visible from the sky. A beautiful piece of color hidden under a thick tree or deep inside bushes will not attract as many birds as one that will be visible as they fly nearby. Similarly, avoid colorful objects that move frequently, such as spinning pinwheels, flags, or windsocks, because the constant movement can scare away birds. Color placed near bird feeding stations or bird baths can be more effective because it will help lead the birds to items they need, and once they find those resources, they will be more likely to stay.
” data-caption=”” data-expand=”300″ data-tracking-container=”true” />
The Spruce / Rachel Kramer
Keeping Color in Perspective
While color can attract birds to the yard, it is important to understand that color alone will not keep birds visiting. Use color to catch birds’ attention, but provide good food, fresh water, secure shelter, nesting sites, and bird-friendly landscaping to encourage birds to stay. Once birds find your colorful, bird-friendly yard, you’ll discover that their plumage adds an even more welcome touch of color to the landscape.
Open or closed? What’s your cat’s preference?
People may prefer covered litter boxes. We want to minimize smells and unsightly lumps. Covered boxes can help us feel comfortable sharing even the tiniest living space with our cats.
But what about cats? Do they really like a covered box better? Or would they prefer to pee in full, uncovered glory?
Do cats prefer open or closed litter boxes?
Today, we’re digging for the answer.
What research says about covered or uncovered litter boxes.
We would never dare give you our opinion about your finicky feline’s favorite bathroom style.
But we would like to share how scientific researchers have answered the question.
A leading veterinarian, Dr. Ernie Ward, DVM has authored more than 65 articles in veterinary journals. As a vet, he’s been featured on CNN, Today, Nightline, NBC Nightly News, Good Morning America, and Animal Planet.
In a recent column on Pet Health Network , Dr. Ward took a look at research published by experts at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery.
Here’s what Ward found:
- Cat parents are majorly concerned about inappropriate elimination. In fact, it is the number one reason people relinquish cats to shelters. It also tops the list of behavioral reasons cats show up at the vet’s office.
- Common sense litter box solutions can clear up the most persistent case of inappropriate peeing.
• Clean the box regularly.
• Use the right litter — many cats love planet-friendly litter options like grass seed, walnut shells, or paper pellets.
• Furnish enough litter boxes of the right size in the right locations.
• Ask your vet to check for a medical condition such as a UTI, kidney infection, or bladder stones.
- Cleanliness matters. When given a choice, cats tend to select the cleanest litter box. Our pets prefer pristine bathroom conditions with little regard for the box’s color or style.
Ross University’s research team evaluated 28 cats. Each cat had access to a closed litter box and an open litter box during a two-week period. Only 59% of the cats studied had used a closed litter box before.
In the study, both boxes contained the exact same litter. Cat parents cleaned both using the same technique.
According to Dr. Ward, “When individual cats were assessed, 70% showed absolutely no preference (i.e. used both boxes equally), 15% used the covered litter box more significantly, while 15% used the uncovered more than the covered. Pretty even results.”
What’s the scoop on covered cat boxes?
According to this study — the only scientifically designed study on this question we know of — the answer is:
Most cats don’t care.
Anecdotal evidence agrees . Sure, few individual cats like to do their business out in the open. A few urinary introverts insist on privacy while doing business. Most cats, however, seem to wander into whichever litter box suits their taste at the moment of decision.
Unless your cat is one of the finicky few who exhibits a strong preference for a certain litter box style, you can go with the box that looks best in your home. Just make sure it feels right for both your animal and human family members.
If a cover doesn’t matter much, what’s most important to a cat?
- For cats, cleanliness really is next to godliness with regard to the bathroom. Practice a cleaning regimen that includes daily scooping, weekly washing with soap and warm water, and a twice-weekly litter change. You can add baking soda or activated charcoal for a fresher scent.
- Cats need enough space to turn around. Ever had to use a bathroom so small you couldn’t do business properly? If so, you know how irritating it is. Cats feel the same way. They like to turn, position themselves, and dig in the litter. Make sure your pet has the space she needs.
- Keep the box accessible. Senior pets and cats with disabilities usually appreciate a box that opens in the front. These guys also need an easy-to-locate box with plenty of extra room to maneuver.
- Remember the rule of thumb: one litter box per cat plus one extra. Don’t make your cat wait while his housemate takes her sweet time in the can.
- Find the right space for your cat’s box. Avoid putting it near anything loud or overly warm such as a washer or drawer. Keep it in a well-lit, social space — out of both the dark basement and the heavily trafficked hallway.
Cats love a clean, accessible, and comfortable-to-use box filled with fresh litter. As long as you’ve met these criteria, your cat should be delighted with whatever style box you choose — covered box, uncovered box, or Flip.
And so should you.
Shop the Modkat litter boxes and accessories to freshen up your cat litter area today!
Dr. Karen Becker
These days, many people owned by cats suffer from kitty litter confusion, and it’s no wonder. The number of cat litters on the market is mind-boggling.
If you’re introducing a new cat to the family, or your kitty is having litterbox issues and you’re thinking about switching litters, you may find the following cat litter primer helpful.
Common Types of Cat Litter
• Clumping clay. This type of litter is typically made from bentonite, which is a highly absorbent clay that forms into solid clumps when your cat urinates. Clumping clay makes litterbox scooping and cleaning easy. Drawbacks are that this type of litter is dusty, non-biodegradable, and heavy to cart around.
• Non-clumping clay. This type of litter is made from clays other than bentonite. It absorbs urine but doesn’t form clumps, so it’s easy to leave bits of moist litter behind when you scoop the box. This means it will start to get smelly sooner rather than later, and may require more frequent changing than clumping clay. However, non-clumping litter is often cheaper than clumping, and some cats prefer it.
• Silica gel crystals. The crystals are made of tiny silica gel beads similar to the desiccant found in the tiny pouches packaged as a preservative with foods, medications, and other products that can be damaged by excess moisture. Crystal litter is highly absorbent, controls odor well, and is almost dust-free. Some people even say it tracks less than other types of litter. Crystal litters are usually more expensive, but they tend to last longer. Downsides are that some cats don’t like getting the crystals on their paws, and they can be dangerous if ingested in large amounts or over a long period of time, which happens when cats clean their feet.
• Recycled paper. This is litter made from recycled paper that is turned into pellets or granules. Paper is dust-free, highly absorbent, and biodegradable. In pellet form, the paper doesn’t form urine clumps, but the granule form does.
• Pine. Pine litter is also recycled and is typically made from lumber scraps that are heat-treated to remove toxins, oils, and allergens from the wood. This type of litter comes in pellets, granules, or roughly crushed pine. It has a pine scent, which helps control odor. The granules and cobble (roughly crushed pine) are somewhat clumping, but in pellet form, the pine turns to sawdust that must be regularly replaced.
• Corn. Corn-based litter is biodegradable, absorbent, and provides odor control. However, since most kitties ingest a bit of litter each day during grooming, and since corn is a problem ingredient for pets, I recommend avoiding this type of litter.
• Wheat. Wheat litter is made from ground wheat. It clumps and provides odor control, is biodegradable, and is low on dust and tracking. Wheat can be another problem ingredient for cats, so I also suggest avoiding wheat-based litters as well.
• Walnut shells. This litter is made from crushed walnut shells and is dark brown in color. Walnut shell litters have clumping ability, offer excellent odor control, are highly absorbent, and biodegradable.
• Grass. Grass litter is relatively new on the scene. One brand, Smart Cat, is a fine-grained litter made from USA-sourced grass fibers that is biodegradable, controls odor, and has good clumping ability. Another brand, The Touch of Outdoors by Dr. Elsey, uses USA-grown prairie grass.
The Litter Most Cats Prefer
In litter preference studies, cats consistently and significantly favor clay clumping litter made of very small granular (sand-like) material over large granule litter made with other types of substrates.
Kitties also have an aversion to litters with a floral or citrus scent, and since most of those litters are synthetic, my advice is to steer clear of scented litters altogether. Many cats are also averse to odor control additives, which most commercial litters contain – typically baking soda or activated charcoal (carbon).
If you’re concerned about litter box aversion, my suggestion is to select a litter with no odor control additives. This will give your kitty as natural an environment as possible in which to do his business. Alternatively, you can try a litter with a charcoal or carbon-based odor control additive.
If you have a cat who is eliminating outside the box and is free of any medical issues that might cause the behavior, I recommend providing several litter boxes representing a variety of options (different size boxes, placed in a variety of locations, with a variety of litter choices) so you can determine your kitty’s preference. This is also a good approach when introducing a new cat or kitten to the family.
The small additional expense of trying out different options will be well worth it to solve litter box aversion problems and prevent future or potential house soiling.
Dr. Karen Becker is a proactive and integrative wellness veterinarian. You can visit her site at: MercolaHealthyPets.com
Her goal is to help you create wellness in order to prevent illness in the lives of your pets. This proactive approach seeks to save you and your pet from unnecessary stress and suffering by identifying and removing health obstacles even before disease occurs. Unfortunately, most veterinarians in the United States are trained to be reactive. They wait for symptoms to occur, and often treat those symptoms without addressing the root cause.
By reading Dr. Becker’s information, you’ll learn how to make impactful, consistent lifestyle choices to improve your pet’s quality of life.
For more by Dr. Karen Becker, click here